Hundreds of cannabis compounds have been discovered, and only a few have received the spotlight they deserve.
Researchers have compared several cannabinoids and found some potential therapeutic benefits of multiple compounds, including CBN. Comparing the differences of CBN vs CBD is an interesting conversation that warrants more research.
These two cannabinoids are popular, but offer different possible therapeutic benefits.
Both cannabinoids might look similar from a molecular standpoint, but these are two very different compounds.
Both CBN and CBD may offer therapeutic properties in the health and wellness industry for several issues.
Here, we will discuss what exactly CBN is, and compare it with CBD. How are they different? How do they work?
Let’s get started!
The Human Endocannabinoid System
The human Endocannabinoid System (also known as ECS) is a complex network of receptors, endocannabinoids, and enzymes that are located all throughout our bodies. The ECS aids in doing several different things, but maintaining a bodily homeostasis is, perhaps, it’s most important role.
This system processes cannabinoids. Our bodies produce endocannabinoids all on its’ own.
Essentially, there are two major endocannabinoids that we have been able to locate so far.
- Anandamide (AEA or arachidonoyl ethanolamide)
- 2-archidonoyl glyerol (2-AG)
Many different researchers are confident that there are even more of these endocannabinoids. As research continues, we will be able to locate even more of them.
Understanding how the Endocannabinoid System works is very important, because cannabinoids like CBN and CBD may stimulate different receptors within this bodily system.
The result from the receptors being stimulated is what we feel after taking things like CBD, CBN, or CBC. These results can come in the form of:
- pain relief
- anti-inflammatory effects
- enhanced memory and learning
- blood pressure regulation
These are only three of the more popular results from using cannabinoids.
The two major receptors we know about within the ECS are called the CB1 and CB2 receptors. These receptors are located in different areas throughout our bodies.
It might look like there are CB receptors located everywhere, but a vast majority are located within the brain. The other areas do contain them, but in much smaller amounts.
Both of these CB receptors can be stimulated by using products with cannabinoids in them, similar to CBD balms, gummies, or even vaping.
What is CBN?
Cannabinol, or CBN, is a compound of the cannabis plant (marijuana and hemp are both cannabis plants) famous for its non-intoxicating properties and a remarkable similarity with CBD.
Related article: Comparing CBD with CBG
Cannabidiol, or CBD, is also a cannabinoid that is non-intoxicating and generally great for promoting health and wellness.
We’ve found that CBN is a byproduct of degrading tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. This simply means when THC ages and decays into an old compound, it turns into CBN.
Another term for this is called ‘oxidation.’
Many of the effects of THC are basically lost in the transformation to CBN.
Finding CBN Products
Some CBN supplement products are available on the market. That being said, CBN products are not really all that common.
In the section above, we spoke about the need for THC to degrade into CBN. This is a very long process, and we haven’t figured out a way to speed things up, or create high CBN strains in the hemp plant.
For this reason, there is just not going to be a lot of CBN isolate, or super high CBN content products for sale. For those of you who are able to find them, well, you’ll probably notice the high price tag, too.
Besides, using a very high concentration of CBN isn’t really proven to be needed at this point. As long as your CBD products contain a healthy ratio of all major cannabinoids, you will be good to go.
Be sure to check the third party lab results when buying CBD products, and look for a decent CBD vs CBN content. After all, it’s not the very high single cannabinoid content you’re going to be after.
What you want is a well produced product that contains a wide array of cannabinoids so the entourage effect can aid in making the product even more effect.
At New Phase Blends, we have this part down to a science. We produce only the highest quality broad and full spectrum CBD products, which are also high in cannabinoids like CBN.
Related article: Broad Spectrum vs Full Spectrum
CBN vs CBD: Oxidation
Let’s explore oxidation a little bit. Several different cannabinoids in the cannabis plant can oxidize into different compounds, depending on their makeup.
Oxidation can happen in a few different ways. We’ll discuss the two most popular forms which are:
- Light exposure
Manufacturers can expose THC rich plants to extreme UV lighting in order to force the oxidation process. Over time, the excess exposure to UV lighting slowly turns the THC into CBN.
Most effects of THC are lost in this process of turning from THC into CBN.
Instead of keeping the hemp plants, or biomass, in a dark, cool area, these producers will deliberately exposure it to a lot of heat, and a lot of light to force the process to go even quicker.
The end result is a CBN rich product. Check out this picture of a UV light being used to exposure impurities in minerals.
You’ll notice it uses a blue-ish spectrum of light, similar to a black light.
Time is also a key factor in oxidation of THC to CBN. Over time, THC will degrade and turn into CBN.
That means CBN may exist in large amounts the older the plant is. Since we can’t (unfortunately) alter time, people will typically use the UV light method to force the oxidation process.
Currently, levels of CBN in cannabis depend on environmental factors instead of genetic factors of the particular strains.
For this reason, there are currently no super-high CBN strains on the marketplace yet. This is one area of CBD vs CBN that is interesting, since there are several high CBD strains that exist.
Potential Benefits of CBN
CBN, back in 1896, was the first cannabinoid that was isolated in its purist form. People actually thought that CBN was responsible for the intoxicating effects of cannabis.
We now know that different forms of THC are, in fact, responsible for these effects. Originally CBN was the culprit! Interesting, isn’t it?
This is one of the reasons that CBN is still heavily regulated in some areas. It wasn’t until later that the researchers showed CBN doesn’t produce intoxicating effects on its’ own.
The effects of CBN have not been thoroughly studied in human subjects yet. Keep this in mind when you see products with CBN that make loads of medical claims.
Sure, they could be true, but there aren’t enough scientific trials to substantiate the claims.
That said, let’s talk more about the potential benefits and effects of CBN.
Cannabinol has shown an ability to induce relaxing effects on the human brain and body.
A study published in 2011 in the British Journal of Pharmacology made a claim that the combination of THC and certain levels of CBN could produce a “tranquilizing” effects in humans.
This is, most likely, due to the fact that THC is also very good at tranquilizing people. Since CBN is literally THC that has been degraded over time, it likely holds on to several of the same effects that THC had.
These two compounds are responsible for a large portion of the sedative effects people feel after using cannabis or marijuana products.
Aged cannabis products, or those with more exposure to heat and sunlight, showed better results in relaxing the human body.
This is primarily because of the amount of THC that has converted to CBN, like we spoke about earlier.
The older cannabis products contain higher CBN content which makes them more useful for relieving purposes or so it seems. Research with CBN is still being conducted, and refined, almost on a daily basis.
Anti-inflammatory and Anti-convulsant Properties
Researchers found out that a particular combination of CBN can be a decent pain reliever. Scientists need to manufacture a CBN isolate to conduct proper research, as a specific breed of a heavily CBN enriched cannabis plant does not yet exist.
This practice is one of the main hurdles for initiating further CBN-based investigations. In only two years, though, we have seen massive breakthroughs in developing CBD-rich strains.
Maybe people will be able to find a way to cultivate a CBN-rich strain in the near future. Another idea is making a strain that is susceptible to converting THC to CBN more easily.
With all that’s been done in the last five years in regards to CBD research, I am confident someone will figure out a way past this hurdle soon.
CBN May Work as a Sleep Aid
The research in this particular area is lacking, but current results have shown CBN’s potential impacts on treating sleep disorders. The researchers have claimed CBN, based on limited research, is an effective sleep improving cannabinoid.
A natural CBD sleep aid called ‘sleep’ by New Phase Blends actually utilizes CBN, in addition to other cannabinoids like CBD and CBG.
This revolutionary hemp-based sleep aid is taking over the US by storm. While we cannot legally tell you that CBN is the culprit, we can tell you that when people use this sleep aid, they go to sleep.
It comes in both gummy and CBD drop form, and the bottles last roughly a month depending on how often you use it.
The research is weak, but it is moving in the right direction.
CBN is a great cannabinoid that has the potential to help people get a better night’s sleep.
Researchers discovered (through an animal study) that CBN stimulated the appetite in rats. You can read the study yourself by clicking the link, but there isn’t much data to back the claim. In the future, I can only hope that more research is conducted in this area.
Remember earlier when we spoke about how people believed CBN was responsible for the psychoactive effects?
We know that THC can be an appetite stimulant, so hopefully we aren’t mixing this one up as well.
Using CBN as an Anti Biotic
Imagine being able to clear out harmful bacteria from your body. Well, CBN might actually be able to do this, and do it well.
There was a study conducted in 2008 which tested CBN and several other cannabinoids (including CBD). The results showed that CBN was effective in helping treat MRSA, a type of bacterial infection that can be heavily resistant to a lot of different anti biotics.
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infection can be caused by a special kind of staph bacteria. It is resistant to a lot of different anti-bacterial products that people normally would use to clear out a staph infection.
Explore Better Bone Healing and Growth With CBN
Some pretty cool new research shows us that cannabinoids, including CBN, can actually aid in stimulating the growth of new bone cells. This is done by activating stem cells which aid in the process of creating the new, healthy bone cells.
There’s also some promising news that shows CBN, and many other cannabinoids, just might be beneficial in helping regenerate fractured bone, and even helping reduce bone loss.
This makes CBN extremely interesting to many different scientists because it can help in the fight against osteoporosis.
CBD and CBN | What is the Difference?
Both CBD and CBN share multiple similarities, but are completely different cannabinoids.
Research has shown that both have the potential for numerous health benefits. Here is a quick recap on everything we went over:
- CBN is the result of THC that has degraded. It can degrade over time, or by light exposure.
- Both are very similar on a molecular level.
- They seem to offer similar benefits.
- CBN is non psychoactive and non intoxicating, just like CBD.
Remember, our bodies are armed with a fully functioning Endocannabinoid System that works wonders when it comes to processing different cannabinoids. Our bodies produce endocannabinoids, but we can also supplement with external sources like CBD, CBN, or other products.
We simply need to do a lot more research to fully understand how CBN affects the body. There are ways it can be used as a safe, effective therapy for several different conditions.
We are hoping that more medical claims will be further substantiated with a legitimate, comprehensive study.
Since CBD and CBN became legal, the number of studies on cannabinoids have sky rocketed, and it’s only a matter of time before we will know more.
Where to Buy Pure CBD Oil
If you are looking to purchase pure CBD oil online in the United States, we recommend checking out our Pure CBD Oil product at New Phase Blends. This product contains either 1,000mg or 2,000mg CBD for each bottle, and has 33mg 66mg of CBD per serving.
It also comes with multiple flavors for you to choose from, and is made in a certified GMP production facility.
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